The research on plasma physics started at the University of Milan in 1963 and was conducted by Prof. Piero Caldirola.
In the 1970’s, within the framework of an international research effort towards controlled thermonuclear fusion, a large plasma Tokamak device, named Thor, was built at the University of Milan and moved, afterwards to the CNR Laboratories (Milan) under the direction of Prof. Marcello Fontanesi. A second toroidal plasma device, called Thorello, developed during the 1970’s by Prof. Marcello Fontanesi and Prof. Elio Sindoni, is still in operation and is located today at the University of Milano-Bicocca for experimental research on basic plasma physics.
In 1999, the University of Milano-Bicocca started its activities and the experimental plasma group moved into the industrial and technological area named Bicocca.
The research on plasma applications, started at the end of 1990’s, and was focused on the development of plasma processes, sources and diagnostics. The research activity was focused on plasma processing for imparting new functional properties to polymeric surfaces and for the treatment of gases and liquids aimed at the destruction of toxic compounds.
To promote the Research and the Technological Transfer in the field of Plasma Applications, the University of Milano-Bicocca, together with the Regione Lombardia and the Fondazione Cariplo, supported the creation of a Centre of Excellence on Plasma Applications.
The Centre PLASMAPROMETEO was established on February 12 th 2004 on the basis of an agreement between the University of Milano-Bicocca and the Regione Lombardia.
The aims of the Centre is to promote Technological Transfer and training to Small Medium Enterprises. The issues of the Centre are dealing with :
– Plasma processing for polymers
– Plasma processing for gas sterilisation and VOC abatements
– Coating, plasma spray, dusty plasmas
Plasma Processing for Energy
– Hydrogen production and waste treatments by plasma
– Plasma Fuel Converter (PFC) for producing hydrogen rich mixtures
– Plasma torch for waste treatments
Plasma processing for biomedical applications
Plasma Processing for Cultural Heritage
Technological Transfer to Industries
– Development of semi-industrial prototypes
– Formation and Technical assistance
– Technical and economical evaluation for industrialisation of new plasma technologies